Women In Olympic Sports
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) promotes women in sports in an effort to increase participation in the games as well recognition of the well being of women and girls in sports at all levels of sports and different structures within sports.
This is consistent with the Olympic charter which promotes equality within sports of men and women by including both genders in these competitions.
The IOC as well as the International Federations (IFS) and National Olympic Committees (NOCs) have been committed to the mandates of this Olympic charter. Multiple measures have been taken toward increasing the participation of women at governing and administrative levels as well as training and education toward women in sport and the supporting administrative structures.
Since 1991, all new sports asking to be included in the Olympic program must feature women’s events. The 2012 Olympic Games in London were the first Olympics where every participating country included female athletes. They were also the first Olympics in which women competed in all sports in the program. Women have competed in the Olympics since 1900, following an all-male Games in 1896.
According to The International Olympic Committee’s List of Women’s Sports , these were the following years every new woman’s sport was introduced.
The first women’s sports were in 1900, which were tennis and golf.
The next 3 Olympics added archery (1904), tennis and figure skating (1908), and swimming (1912).
The next sports were not added until twelve-sixteen years later, fencing (1924) and gymnastics (1928).
The second winter sport added to women’s sport was alpine skiing in 1936.
Another long twelve to sixteen years later, canoeing was added in 1948 and equestrian sports in 1952.
Two Olympics following, speed skating was added to the games in 1960. The following Olympics volleyball and luge were added in 1964; rowing, basketball, and handball were added in 1976; field hockey was added in 1980; shooting and cycling were introduced in 1984.
The next two Olympic terms included 6 more women’s sports, tennis, table tennis, sailing in 1988 and badminton, judo, biathlon in 1992. In 1996, football and softball; in 1998, curling and ice hockey; in 2000, weightlifting, penthalon, taekwondo, and triathlon, in 2002, bobsleighing was added; in 2004, wrestling; in 2008, BMX.
The last updated women’s sports included in the Olympic games according to the IOC are boxing (2012) and ski jumping (2014).
Source : Wikipedia